The meaning of the name Augustus is Great. The origin of the name Augustus is Latin. This is the culture in which the name originated, or in the case of a word, the language.
Three kings of Poland were named Augustus. It was also a title given to the son of Julius Caesar, Octavian, who was the first emperor of Rome. Augustus Gloop, character in the novel "Charlie and the Chocolate Factory" by Roald Dahl.