The name Harper is of English origin and means "Harp Player." The origin is the culture in which the name originated, or in the case of a word--the language in which it most appears.
Harper was originally an occupational surname for people who played the harp for a living. Famous people with the name Harper include Harper Lee, author of To Kill a Mockingbird, musicians Harper Goff and Harper Simon, and athletes Harper Williams and Harper LeBel. Fictional characters with the given name Harper include Harper Connelly from the series by Charlaine Harris (author of the True Blood series). Harper Finkle is a character from The Wizards of Waverly Place, and Harper Dearing from NCIS.